The National Environment Commission is a high-level autonomous agency of the Royal Government of Bhutan and is mandated to look after all issues related to environment in Bhutan. Its high-level commission ensures that it will have the authority to call for assistance it will need from other government bodies. The Commission also monitors the impact of development on the environment and aims to put in place the necessary controls, regulations and incentives to the private/public sectors to achieve sustainable development through the judicious use of natural resources. The coordination of inter-sectoral programmes, the implementation of policies and legislation with regard to the environment is also another important mandate of the Commission.
The NEC Secretariat plays a key role in promoting sound environmental policies and investments. This Secretariat is responsible for ensuring that Bhutan follows a sustainable development path and that all projects be it public or private, take into consideration environmental aspects.