With advancement of Socio Economic activities, it has brought change in the consumption pattern across the population. This has resulted increase in waste generation, composition and its types. This increase in waste generation is not commensurate with adequate infrastructures, facilities and services ensuring sound waste management. This could have adverse impact on human health and the environment and country’s image as clean and green country. Recognizing this fact, the government has put in place regulatory framework by enacting Waste Prevention and Management Act 2009 and Waste Prevention and Management Regulation 2012.
The National Environment Commission Secretariat (NECS) is the overall regulatory authority responsible for overseeing and implementing the provisions in the Act and Regulation. The implementation of Waste Regulation began from 18 April 2012. The Regulation clearly identifies the roles and responsibilities of different implementing agencies to ensure sound waste management. Prior to its implementation, the NECS has coordinated sensitizing program in Bhutan Broadcasting Service for two months ensuring better understating of the Regulation. As per the Regulation, all the implementing agencies have to report annually on the status of implementation to NECS.
Currently, the NECS is the process of developing National Strategy for Integrated Solid Waste Management which would most probably be ready by December 2012. For this, the NEC has formed working group representing relevant stakeholders to discuss on the strategy development. Detailed baseline waste survey for five Dzongkhags has been completed and compilation of data is under process. For the remaining Dzongkhag, the Dzongkhag Environment officers are collected the information based on the set questionnaires.
In the meantime, the NEC is exploring possibility of establishing waste management facilities in the country.
Waste Prevention and Management Act 2009 (English .pdf 0.19MB)
Waste Prevention and Management Act 2009 (Dzongkha .pdf 0.54MB)
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